Top 5 Frontend and Backend Technologies



Marc Rothmeyer


Frontend and Backend technologies have become an indispensable part of our lives. It would be right to say that we have mobile applications for almost everything – Food orders, Travel Tickets, e-Learning, Online Shopping, etc. Ever wonder how these apps are built? 

Before the development stage, the most important start is choosing the right kind of mobile technology. Here, we are talking about the backend and frontend of the application that has an immense contribution to its victory. 

In recent times, the quality of any mobile application gains user attention based on its interface. Selecting the right technology plays an important role in choosing the mobile app tech stack.  We have a list of the top five frontend and backend technologies for you, but before that let’s clear some basics quickly. 

Quick Overview:


It is the user interface of a mobile app or website that is visible to users. Frontend technologies contribute to designing, creating, and structuring the frontend in an efficient manner. In simple language, the main parts of the user interface like menu, graphics, buttons, links, pages, and others are designed and created by frontend developers.


It is the data access layer of software or hardware and includes the functionality of an app or website that requires to be accessed digitally. Backend technologies deal with the database, server, and features of an app. It is also known as ‘server-side’ that enables developers to merge these components for backend development. 

To help you become a PRO, this article focuses on the fundamentals of frontend and backend technologies to build apps in a way that both developers and non-developers can understand. 

Best 5 Frontend Technologies:

Best 5 Frontend Technologies:

The web design and development process is manifested with the help of the latest frontend technologies that take care of the visuals, aesthetics, and user experience of the web application. Frontend innovations ensure the reasonableness of cyber threats and information rollouts. 

To make it simpler for you, we have picked out the frontend technologies list that can assist developers in various ways:

1. React 

React is one of the most famous frontend technologies that was released by Facebook in 2013. It is an open-source javascript library that is useful for both enterprises and developers. React majorly offers speed debugging, code reusing, and several features so as to maintain the suave development of user interfaces that are highly responsive and SEO friendly. 

Some of the examples of apps created using React or React.js are Airbnb, BBC, Reddit, Bloomberg, Chaperhome, etc. Furthermore, with the expansion of cross-platform mobile development framework, it has now occupied a significant share of the mobile market industry. 

Its features are:

  • React is pretty much flexible as programmers or developers use it to build apps for several user interfaces including web, mobile, desktop, smart TVs, etc.
  • Comparatively,  React provides top-notch server-side with great SEO support.
  • 2.7 billion Facebook users have tested react features. Hence its the most disruptive and innovative front end framework preferred in 2021. 

2. Angular

Angular is a conventional type of framework that offers two-way data linking. It is typescript-based open-source which is licensed under MIT and preferred by developers for creating mobile app frontends. It is maintained by Google, thus, helps in front end development of high-performing apps. Angular ensures effortless and smooth testing for a flawless application. 

Its features are – 

  • It is backed by Google and broadly used for its outstanding tools
  • Considered the most secure client-side web framework and provides high-security features. 
  • “Batteries included” framework ensuring end-to-end development experience. 

More for you – Wondering what’s better for your business among Angular and React? Read here the set of advantages and differences between both to understand the Optimal Choice for App Development – Angular or React?

3. Vue.js

It is one of another popular frontend technologies, released in 2014 by a former Google engineer who combined both the parts of AngularJS and React. This open-source frontend technology provides advantages like simple integration, detailed & richer documentation, two-way communication, etc seamlessly. Vue acts as a shorter learning framework for the developers.

Its features are:

  • This contains end-to-end application functionality of Angular and View layer with external features of React.
  • Gives rich quality documentation that is popular in China too. 
  • It is 100% community-driven and is not impacted by any particular firm.

4. Ember

Ember is an open-source JS-driven framework that was released in the year 2016. It is best known for a comprehensive explication for app flow and data management. Just like Vue, Ember is also built on an MVMM design that comes with a lot of functionalities with testing tools and is considered a great alternate choice for robust mobile apps or web pages. 

Its features are –

  • This frontend technology comes with a group of APIs and can process similar tasks at one time.
  • Ember provides a full front-end stack – a router, services, and asset pipeline.
  • Have route handlers in order to view plausible states of mobile apps.

5. Backbone JS

This well-known framework is used for creating rich single-page web apps and is based on MVP that stands for Model View Presenter. Released in 2010 by Jeremy Ashkenas, Backbone JS transforms the data into models. It is a fast and minimalistic javascript library that allows you to keep application logic different from UI. 

Its features are – 

  • Has automatic updating of HTML code and contains more than a hundred extensions.
  • Backbone JS has a backend syncing feature that supports the Rest APIs.
  • With the help of Backbone innovations, developers can get rid of challenging coding.

Best 5 Backend Technologies:

Best 5 Backend Technologies:

The backend technologies manage the ‘behind the scenes’ functionality to make the right decision in the process of web application development. These guarantee speed, scalability and quickly respond to user queries.   

It would not be wrong to say that ‘Backend development’ is a fascinating topic for any computer or mobile application. Below is the backend technologies list for your overview in order to ensure high-quality app development. 

1. Ruby on Rails

It is another excellent language for app development as it is easy to use and write. Thus, Ruby on Rails facilitates the effortless process of app building that allows developers to integrate new features and logic into the app. Major companies like Airbnb, Shopify, Github, and others are using it for their web requirements. Many other backend frameworks are complex and time-intensive, but Ruby clearly serves the purpose when it comes to high-performing apps. 

Its features are –

  • Vast library including plugins, syntaxes, and huge community support 
  • A broad collection of third-party plugins
  • Saves time and is fun to use

2. Express

Express is an open-source Node.Js  framework for building simple and fast applications. It offers plugins, template codes, middleware packages, and functionality for an efficient process of development. It’s an MVC (Model-View-Controller) framework that integrates various components to the app for simpler customization. 

Its features are – 

  • Ensures fast performance of the app
  • Has a huge number of HTTP aids
  • Upgraded content management
  • Used by big brands like Twitter, Uber, etc. 

3. Node.Js

Node.Js is very much prominent among the community of backend technologies that are used to create rapid applications like video streaming apps, messaging apps as well as cross-platform apps. Some famous apps that use Node.Js are Netflix and Facebook. It is compatible, single-threaded, and unblockable. Hence, Node.Js is considered the top backend language for real-time applications.  

Its features are –

  • Based on JavaScript, so it’s familiar to all developers 
  • Popular in a dynamic community of developers
  • Asynchronous language for app development 

4. Django 

Django is a high-quality Python web framework that is majorly used to develop large applications. It is created by experienced developers, where you would not need a third party as everything is included right out of the box. 

Its features are – 

  • Free and open-source backend language
  • Cross-site scripting, user authentication, and SQL prevention are the key features 
  • All activities include build, read and delete options
  • Less coding and higher reusability

5. Python 

It is another popular programming language among developers that integrates systems very efficiently. It has had an incredible growth of 18-19% in the last five years. As per the Statistic Analytics of PYPL, Python ranks first in the list. 

Python is the best backend framework that is well known for platforms like GitHub and Stack Overflow. 

Its features are – 

  • Easy to learn, read and use
  • Used for several technologies like machine learning, artificial intelligence, data science, etc 
  • Offers premium library support
  • Ability to work on advanced applications

Endnote – 

Frontend and Backend Technologies are way too different from each other, yet share the two aspects – Frontend is what users get to see and Backend is how everything functions. All the languages mentioned above assist the developers in several ways. 

There are a plethora of frontend and backend technologies available for developers. Whether you are a startup, small business, or large organization, the above list will surely narrow down your search for suitable technology. 

Undoubtedly, it may take a lot of time for you to select the right technology for your future software especially when you do not possess the expertise. So, let us deal with your project.

 If you are thinking to hire a backend theme or are confused about how many developers to hire, Contact Mobcoder, a top mobile app development company that can assist you with your future software’s suitable tech stack and primary components. 

Get in touch with us today!

You may also like